In 1952 a military coup in Egypt brought Abdel Nasser to power.  After the 2015 Israeli elections, Netanyahu renewed his mandate as Prime Minister when Likud obtained 30 seats and formed a right-wing coalition government with Kulanu (10), The Jewish Home (8), and Orthodox parties Shas (7) and United Torah Judaism (6), the bare minimum of seats required to form a coalition.  Illegal immigrants arrived mainly from Africa in addition to foreign workers overstaying their visas. The gospel is still God's power to save both Jew and Greek (Rom. Treatment of Jews in Europe was different to the way they were typically treated in Muslim countries. The government banned the existing educational bodies from the transit camps and tried to mandate a unitary secular socialist education under the control of "camp managers" who also had to provide work, food and housing for the immigrants. Talented small town Mizrahi social activists, unable to advance in the Labour party, were readily embraced by Begin. The tumultuous history of Israel after its creation stems from it being carved out of an existing state where a large, non-Jewish population already lived. Sharett's government was brought down by the Lavon Affair, a crude plan to disrupt USEgyptian relations, involving Israeli agents planting bombs at American sites in Egypt. Until 1966, Israel's principal arms supplier was France, however in 1966, following the withdrawal from Algeria, Charles de Gaulle announced France would cease supplying Israel with arms (and refused to refund money paid for 50 warplanes). They exercised some form of free speech and may have played a significant social and political role in Israel and Judah. Today there are about 9,000 Jews living in Arab states, of whom 75% live in Morocco and 15% in Tunisia. As such, we can know for certain that the Bible, in one of the most remarkable prophecies in history, accurately foresaw the year of Israel's restoration as an independent nation some two thousand five hundred years before the event occurred. The Chosen Few: How education shaped Jewish History, Botticini and Eckstein, Princeton 2012, page 71 and chapters 4 and 5, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFJacobson2001 (. harvnb error: no target: CITEREFFeldman1990 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFFoster2017 (. He alleged that the Jews were seeking control of the Temple Mount.  The pottery was plain and undecorated. The system remained in place until after 2000. Jewish businesswomen dominated communication between the Harem and the outside world (see Esther Handali). This demographic collapse was accompanied by a slow process of Islamization, that resulted from the flight of non-Muslim populations, immigration of Muslims, and local conversion. 70 - The Romans destroy the Second Temple and much of Jerusalem. Israel's geography is very diverse in that on its north are snow-capped mountains whereas the south has a desert conditions.  No other revolt led to a province being renamed. Britain and France had already begun secret preparations for military action. In March 1990, Alignment leader Shimon Peres engineered a defeat of the government in a non-confidence vote and then tried to form a new government. This is repeated several times: In the year 537 B.C., 360 years of punishment remained on God's timetable. , In 611, Khosrow II, ruler of Sassanid Persia, invaded the Byzantine Empire. There were attempts to force orthodox Yemenite children to adopt a secular life style by teachers, including many instances of Yemenite children having their side-curls cut by teachers. Kastner lost the trial and was assassinated two years later. Many countries became more vocal in supporting the creation of a Jewish nation-state. ". The plan sought to establish Jewish territorial continuity by conquering mixed zones. The LORD prophesied, over 3,000 years ago, that the Israelite Jews would be exiled from their Holy Land for around 2,500 Years. In Egypt they took control of the kingdom following a failed invasion by the Crusaders (Seventh Crusade). The Sharon government embarked on an extensive program of construction of desalinization plants that freed Israel of the fear of drought. Julius Caesar: The Life and Times of the People's Dictator By Luciano Canfora chapter 24 "Caesar Saved by the Jews". It was conquered by Turkish Sultan Selim I in 151617, becoming a part of the province of Ottoman Syria for the next four centuries, first as the Damascus Eyalet and later as the Syria Vilayet (following the Tanzimat reorganization of 1864). However, Gemayal was assassinated before an agreement could be signed, and one day later Phalangist Christian forces led by Elie Hobeika entered two Palestinian refugee camps and massacred the occupants. The incident became known as the Dollar Account affair. Accordingly, it was announced the transfer would take place in May of 1948 and the 14th would be the final day of British control. Despite offers of territory in Africa from colonial Great Britain, Zionists wanted control of ancestral territory in the Holy Land. By March, almost all Haganah's armoured vehicles had been destroyed, the blockade was in full operation, and hundreds of Haganah members who had tried to bring supplies into the city were killed.. Testimonies by Holocaust survivors at the trial and the extensive publicity that surrounded it has led the trial to be considered a turning point in public awareness of the Holocaust.. By 1890, Jews were a majority in Jerusalem, although the country as a whole was populated mainly by Muslim and Christian Arabs. In 1961 he was put on trial, and after several months found guilty and sentenced to death. A small group (about 200 activists), dedicated to resisting the British administration in Palestine, broke away from the Etzel (which advocated support for Britain during the war) and formed the "Lehi" (Stern Gang), led by Avraham Stern. At this time, Jews formed as much as 10% of the population of the entire Roman Empire, with large communities in North Africa and Arabia.  Some scholars argue that the Hasmonean dynasty institutionalized the final Jewish biblical canon. His early activity was concentrated in the Galilee, where he lectured and preached to the rural Jewish community. Half the world's Jews lived in the Russian Empire, where they were restricted to living in the Pale of Settlement.  As a punishment, the Babylonians besieged Jerusalem in 597 BCE, and the city surrendered. Archaeologist and General Yigael Yadin purchased the Dead Sea Scrolls on behalf of the State of Israel. Following independence, the Haganah became the Israel Defense Forces (IDF).  Nevertheless, the Muslim population remained a minority in a predominantly Christian area, and it is likely that this status persisted until the Crusader period.. In 1897, the World Zionist Organization was founded and the First Zionist Congress proclaimed its aim "to establish a home for the Jewish people in Palestine secured under public law.  In practice the Suez Canal remained closed to Israeli shipping. In 1099, the First Crusade took Jerusalem and established a Catholic kingdom, known as the Kingdom of Jerusalem. The Byzantine ban on Jews living in Jerusalem came to an end. Agudat Israel were allowed to maintain their existing school system. Israel's recent attempts to permanently annex portions of the West Bank have only worsened tensions between Israel and the Arab world. Stager, Lawrence. The Anglo-French invasion began that day. The nation of Israel became two separate kingdoms. His idea was that because Israel was restored as a nation in 1948, that restoration fulfilled the idea of the "budding" of the fig tree as described in Matthew 24:32. The riots led to right-wing Zionists establishing their own militia in 1931, the Irgun Tzvai Leumi (National Military Organization, known in Hebrew by its acronym "Etzel"), which was committed to a more aggressive policy towards the Arab population. As a result, the United Nations thought to separate the Jewish population from the Arab population by forming two separate nations. Jews were usually the only non-Christian minority and spoke a distinct language (Yiddish or Ladino). The existing Ashkenazi-Jewish communities were concentrated in the Four Holy Cities, extremely poor and relied on donations (halukka) from groups abroad, while the new settlements were small farming communities, but still relied on funding by the French Baron, Edmond James de Rothschild, who sought to establish profitable enterprises. The Holocaust - as the genocide of 6 million Jews has become known - created worldwide sympathy for the Jewish people and the Zionist cause. However, the Palestinian people had been controlled by the Ottomans for hundreds of years and wanted an independent state, too.  Jesus of Nazareth, who was active during the early 1st century CE, challenged the Jewish authorities and preached an observance of the law based on moral principles, love of one's fellow man and God. While scholars debate whether these numbers are accurate, archaeological surveys and excavations appear to confirm the claim of Cassius Dio that the district of Judaea was largely depopulated. Saladin was able to peacefully take Jerusalem and conquered most of the former Kingdom of Jerusalem. They emerged at a time that Assyria was weakened by the emergence of Babylon and may be a committing to text of pre-writing verbal traditions. , In April 2006 Ariel Sharon was incapacitated by a severe hemorrhagic stroke and Ehud Olmert became Prime Minister.. Following this, the US worked to calm the situation and in August 1970 a cease fire was agreed.  Israel was in control of the Galilee, Jezreel Valley, West Jerusalem, the coastal plain and the Negev. These incidents led Israel to initiate the Second Lebanon War, which lasted through August 2006. Oppenheimer, A'haron and Oppenheimer, Nili. The nation of Israel was the people group in which Yahweh decided to make his representatives in the world as a party to the covenant of Abraham. He subjugated the Edomites and converted them to Judaism.  The coalition failed by December due to a dispute over the budget and new elections were called for March 2021. In turn, Egypt agreed to recognize the right of Israel to exist. This led to further migration to Palestine. By any measure, this was a significant event, and it has ramifications for biblical eschatology.Some students of the Bible have used the re-formation of Israel to set an "end-times clock" leading up to the second coming of Christ. Israel had paid for the boats but the French had refused to supply them. German-Jewish architects built in the Bauhaus style made Tel-Aviv the world's only city with purely Bauhaus neighbourhoods and Palestine had the highest per-capita percentage of doctors in the world.  Leadership of the movement passed to the Jewish Agency in Palestine, now led by the anti-British Socialist-Zionist party (Mapai) led by David Ben-Gurion.  "Israel without the Bible".  Some Jews had converted to Christianity. This provided the spark for the August 1929 Palestine riots. In early 1969, fighting broke out between Egypt and Israel along the Suez Canal.  The British rejected the principle of majority rule or any other measure that would give the Arab population, who formed the majority of the population, control over Palestinian territory. That year, 50,000 Yemenite Jews (99%) were secretly flown to Israel. Many Labour voters voted for the Democratic Movement for Change (15 seats) in protest at high-profile corruption cases. Israel did not retaliate at request of the US, fearing that if Israel responded against Iraq, other Arab nations might desert the allied coalition. In the late 18th century a local Arab sheikh Zahir al-Umar created a de facto independent Emirate in the Galilee. Lack of control over Palestinian areas was an important factor in causing civil war in Lebanon. When they refused to hand the arms to the government, Ben-Gurion ordered that the ship be sunk.  It is likely that Shalmaneser captured the city since both the Babylonian Chronicles and the Hebrew Bible viewed the fall of Israel as the signature event of his reign.  Differences over the budget and a "Jewish state" bill triggered early elections in December 2014. , Augustus made Judea a Roman province in 6 CE, deposing the last Jewish king, Herod Archelaus, and appointing a Roman governor. In the blessings recorded in Genesis 49, Israel gave prophecies for each of the tribes named after his 12 sons. A western-style government in the region served the interests of Europe and the United States at the beginning of the Cold War. A Concise History of the Jewish People By Naomi E. Pasachoff, Robert J. Littman 1995 (2005 Roman and Littleford edition), page 67. In the January 1955 elections Mapai won 40 seats and the Labour Party 10, Moshe Sharett became prime minister of Israel at the head of a left-wing coalition. The White Paper of 1939, recommended that an independent Palestine, governed jointly by Arabs and Jews, be established within 10 years. [non-primary source needed] In 64 CE, the Temple High Priest Joshua ben Gamla introduced a religious requirement for Jewish boys to learn to read from the age of six. The new system made parties independent of wealthy donors and gave Knesset members more power over party funding, however it also made them less dependent on existing party structures and able to take their funding elsewhere. Some of the Israeli desalinization plants are the largest of their kind in the world.. The UN Secretary-General concluded that, as of 16 June 2000, Israel had withdrawn its forces from Lebanon in accordance with UN Security Council Resolution 425. As a defensive countermeasure to the rocket threat against Israel's civilian population, at the end of March 2011 Israel began to operate the advanced mobile air defence system "Iron Dome" in the southern region of Israel and along the border with the Gaza Strip. The Arab states had heavy military equipment at their disposal and were initially on the offensive (the Jewish forces were not a state before 15 May and could not buy heavy arms). It became the largest single UN agency and is the only UN agency that serves a single people. Given the information available, one cannot maintain a radical cultural separation between Canaanites and Israelites for the Iron I period." By the end of World War II, the Jewish population of Palestine had increased to 33% of the total population..  A year prior, in 1917, the British foreign minister, Arthur Balfour, sent a public letter to the British Lord Rothschild, a leading member of his party and leader of the Jewish community. sfn error: no target: CITEREFShenLaviKivisildChou2004 (, 1177 B.C. Three weeks later, Begin won again, in the 1981 elections (48 seats Likud, 47 Labour). Jacob is Named Israel 10 And God said to him, "Though your name is Jacob, you will no longer be called Jacob.  The Hasmoneans had good relations with the Roman Republic, however growing tension between Pharisees and Sadducees led to a conflict over the succession to Janneus, in which the warring parties invited Roman intervention on their behalf. Across Europe Bricha ("flight"), an organization of former partisans and ghetto fighters, smuggled Holocaust survivors from Eastern Europe to Mediterranean ports, where small boats tried to breach the British blockade of Palestine. On 30 June 1981, the Israeli air force destroyed the Osirak nuclear reactor that France was building for Iraq. Jews outside the Ghetto often had to wear a yellow star.. An anti-religion party, Shinui, led by media pundit Tommy Lapid, won 15 seats on a secularist platform, making it the third largest party (ahead of orthodox Shas). The party joined in coalition with Begin and disappeared at the next election. Deri is regarded as the mastermind behind the rise of Shas and was a government minister at the age of 24. 9 Av 537 B.C. Summarize how and why Zionism developed from pre-WWI through the establishment of Israel, Describe events that helped the Zionist cause, such as the signing of the Balfour Declaration and the Holocaust, Understand why creating the state of Israel led to conflict. , Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat signed the IsraeliPalestinian Interim Agreement on the West Bank and the Gaza Strip on 28 September 1995 in Washington. Despite the report, public anger at the Government led to Golda Meir's resignation. Use the form below to sign up for our free monthly newsletter. Being the central focus of the Old Testament, God set Israel a part as a nation to be dedicated to worshiping and following him through his laws, as a testament to the surrounding nations and an invitation for all peoples to join in his worship . With Soviet backing, the Arab states, particularly Egypt, were continuing to build up their forces. In the diaspora, US Jews now dominated the Zionist movement. 68 years ago, on May 14th, 1948, the world witnessed the BIGGEST Biblical Prophecy FULFILLED since Jesus Christ came to earth - the REBIRTH of God's Chosen Nation. For the millions of Jewish people living through persecution and uncertainty in Europe, a permanent Jewish colony or settlement seemed to be the only option. , Between 1929 and 1938, 250,000 Jews arrived in Palestine (Fifth Aliyah). State funding was introduced for elected parties. , With millions of Jews trying to leave Europe and every country in the world closed to Jewish migration, the British decided to close Palestine. In 1994, the IsraelJordan peace treaty was signed. Israeli firms began importing labourers from the Philippines, Thailand, China and Romania; some of these labourers stayed on without visas. Jewish population was concentrated in Jerusalem, Hebron, Safed and Tiberias, known in Jewish tradition as the Four Holy Cities. The land then became home primarily to an Arab population, again for more than a millennium. 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